|This part of the brain is believed to control our ability to act in a way that is socially appropriate. Biological changes to this area may contribute to behavior patterns.|
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- Contradictory and inconsistent behavior—A person with this behavior pattern may appear enthusiastic to carry out others’ requests, but he purposely performs in a manner that is not useful and sometimes even damaging.
Intentional avoidance of responsibility—Some behaviors that may be used to avoid responsibility include:
- Procrastination—to delay or postpone needlessly and intentionally
- Deliberate inefficiency—purposefully performing in an incompetent manner
- Feelings of resentment toward others
- Argumentative, sulky, and hostile, especially toward authority figures
- Easily offended
- Resentful of useful suggestions from others
- Blames others
- Chronically impatient
- Unexpressed anger or hostility
Mental Health America http://www.nmha.org/
American Psychological Association http://www.apa.org/
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html/
Berkow R, Fletcher AJ, Bondy PK. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 16th ed. Rahway, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories; 1992.
Kopeikin H. Personality disorders. Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences website. Available at: http://www.psych.ucsb.edu/~kopeikin/103lec7.htm . Accessed September 28, 2011.
Mental Health America. Personality disorders. Mental Health America website. Available at: http://www.nmha.org/index.cfm?objectId=C7DF8E96-1372-4D20-C87D9CD4FB6BE82F . Accessed July 27, 2009.
Passive-aggressive personality disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated November 30, 2009. Accessed August 10, 2011.
The passive-aggressive (negativistic) personality disorder (PAPD). Depression Forums.org website. Available at: http://www.depressionforums.org/forums/topic/3672-the-passive-aggressive-negativistic-personality-disorder-papd/ . Published January 2006. Accessed September 28, 2011.
Personality disorders. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/personality-disorders/DS00562 . Updated September 10, 2010. Accessed September 28, 2011.
Personality disorders. Mental Health America website. Available at: http://www.nmha.org/go/information/get-info/personality-disorders . Accessed September 28, 2011.
Psychology website. Personality disorders: passive-aggressive personality disorder. Psychology website. Available at: http://psyed.org/r/pers/pt/passive-aggpd.html . Accessed November 10, 2010.
Tierney LM, McPhee SJ, Papadakis MA. Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment. 38th ed. Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange; 1999.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/26/2012 -